Many people around the world suffer from mild to extreme forms of photophobia. Photophobia, in the most literal sense of the word, means a fear of light. Although people who suffer from photophobia are not necessarily afraid of bright light, they are sensitive to exposure from bright light. Photophobia is an underlying symptom of a number of conditions, and the best way to go about treating photophobia is to understand the main component of the problem. In this article, we will talk about some of the conditions that have symptoms of photophobia and how to treat them properly.

Causes

There are some conditions that do not directly affect the eye that may be the cause of photophobia. The onset of a migraine is a very common condition in which photophobia may occur. Other eye-related conditions that can cause photophobia are a corneal abrasion, or in other words, a scratched eye. Meningitis is a common infection that can cause photophobia in patients. Uveitis is a general condition that deals with swelling or inflammation of your eye can that can tie directly to photophobia.

Damage to your retina, dry eyes, a serious brain injury, or even blepharospasm, which is incessant eye-twitching, can all have direct relations to one suffering from photophobia.

People who have lighter eye color are more susceptible to photophobia than others who have darker iris’s. There are a certain number of mental disorders and even medications that can cause someone to suffer from photophobia.

Treatment

The best way to treat symptoms like photophobia is to discover the underlying condition of the symptom. Work closely with your eye doctor to formulate solutions for your light sensitivity. A good suggestion for people who have a lighter retina is to wear sunglasses when the sun is shining. Aim to acquire sunglasses that block out 100% of UV rays from the sun. In extreme cases of photophobia, people may want to consider buying prosthetic contact lenses. Prosthetic contact lenses help significantly reduce the intake of UV rays from the sun to your eyes.

Whatever the reasoning behind your photophobia, is it extremely important to consult your eye doctor before taking any further action to treat it yourself. Your eye doctor will be able to help identify the problem and successfully execute a plan of action to curb your light sensitivity.