Treatments for Retinal Detachments

Treatments for Retinal Detachments

People who have suffered a retinal tear find themselves at an increased risk of developing a retinal detachment. A detached retina happens when the retina pulls away from its supportive tissue and it’s considered a medical emergency that requires prompt treatment to avoid permanent vision loss. The following are the three non-invasive procedures that can help to repair the tear and seal the retina to the back of the eye. Laser Photocoagulation This is the most common procedure to repair a detached retina. During the photocoagulation procedure, a surgeon will numb the patient’s eye with anesthetic drops. Then, with the use of a special laser, the eye surgeon will emit a beam of light that travels through the eye and burns the surrounding area of the detachment or retinal tear to create a scar.  The scar tissue will help enable the tear to seal, or helps a detached part of the retina to reattach to the underlying tissue. When treating retinal tears, the procedure will prevent any fluid from accessing the underneath of the retina, where it can cause detachment. Once the procedure is complete, the surgeon may administer a steroid to the area to prevent any potential inflammation.  Cryotherapy Cryotherapy creates a scar in the affected area using cold or freezing therapy. Once an anesthetic has been injected around the eye, a freezing probe is placed over the tear or the area of retinal detachment by the surgeon. When an area is frozen, scar tissue forms. This scar tissue will help the underlying tissues reattach to the retina, or will seal the retinal tear. As with laser photocoagulation,...
How Smartphones Can Detect Eye Disease

How Smartphones Can Detect Eye Disease

The importance of smartphones is undeniable for today’s society. It would be hard to find a person without a smart device, and it easy to see why since these devices have become quite useful. For example, there is a new app that has just been developed meant to detect an eye disease. How Does This App Work? It may sound incredible to hear that an app can be an effective eye tester, but a Swedish study shows that the results of this app were more precise than regular vision tests. As people age, the eyes begin to change, and some of these changes can end up hurting one’s vision. Sometimes, the changes are subtle but other times the changes are problematic enough to worry anyone who is concerned about the health of their eyes. One thing that can begin to affect an elderly person is macular degeneration. This issue can distort vision so much that it could make everything blurry given enough time. It is this problem that Swedish scientists were trying to address when they first attempted to create the smartphone application that is going to help test a person’s eyes for this problem. The app can test a person’s eyes for this issue, record the results, and send the findings to the appropriate eye specialist for further analysis. The app is quite interesting, and it is called MultiBit. It asks the user to read letters out loud when they are presented. The trick is the letters start to fade for the user, and it is up to the user to figure out what the letters are as...
Causes of Red Spots on Your Eyes

Causes of Red Spots on Your Eyes

At some point, you might look into a mirror and see a red spot on one of your eyes. Although the sight appears distressing, the spot is not necessarily a serious medical problem. The spot forms when a fragile blood vessel beneath the conjunctiva ruptures and leaks blood. The condition is referred to as a subconjunctival hemorrhage. Hemorrhage Causes The blood vessel break or rupture commonly occurs due to increased pressure in the eye. Sometimes the spot may occur for an unknown reason. The leakage might also occur when someone’s blood pressure rises. Other contributing factors include: Allergic reaction Coughing or sneezing Eye injury Infection Physical straining Rubbing the eye Vomiting Additional causes include: Anticoagulant medications Bleeding disorder High blood pressure Diabetes Benign or cancerous growths categorized as actinic granulomas, conjunctival epitheliomas or keratoacanthoma. Unusual growths must be evaluated by a medical professional. Conjunctival hemangioma refers to a group of abnormal blood vessels that sometimes develop on the sclera. The condition is typically benign although troubling in appearance. Diabetic retinopathy refers to the condition when an ocular blood vessel ruptures secondary to high blood sugar levels. The blood often then causes floaters or dark spots in the diabetic’s visual field. The vision might also be blurred. Patients might experience a decrease in night vision. Colors might seem faded. Retinopathy is commonly the symptom that leads to diabetic’s to realize a problem exists. Episcleritis involves inflammation of the episclera, which is the thin layer of tissue between the conjunctiva and the sclera. The layer contains a series of delicate blood vessels. The condition often resolves itself. However, up to one-third...
Nanotechnology and Night Vision

Nanotechnology and Night Vision

Nanotechnology refers to work that’s done at the very smallest of scales. In nanotechnology, individual molecules and even atoms are moved and manipulated. Nanotechnology was first discussed in the late 1950s. The idea was named in the mid-1970s. By the 1980s, it was growing into a proper field. In the past 30-odd years, nanotechnology has grown by leaps and bounds. Today, real interventions are starting to become possible. In labs across the globe, people are finding ways to integrate nanotechnology with biology. One of the most recent developments in this arena has seen mice develop night vision after injections. Teams in China and Boston, Massachusetts have been hard at work on this project. Researchers there used subretinal injections to bind nanoparticles to retinal photoreceptors. The nanoantennae made it possible for the mice to convert near infrared light into visible green light. The potential for this technology is intriguing. Scientists in China, who conducted this research, say the mice suffered few side effects. The injections left the mice with infrared vision, which no mammals have naturally. If this treatment can be adapted for the human body, it could have valuable applications. Currently, to see in the dark, humans rely on equipment. Infrared cameras are used in research and for security purposes. Night vision goggles are effective, but they can also break or get lost at an inopportune moment. Injections making it possible for humans to see in the dark could revolutionize military maneuvers and some types of research. It could also make search and rescue operations much more efficient. Of course, there are some caveats with this research. Mice are...
Using Virtual Reality To Train Eye Doctors

Using Virtual Reality To Train Eye Doctors

New technological advances such as virtual reality (VR) have been used to help eye care patients in recent years. Now, some companies are utilizing the incredibly useful VR technology for training doctors for real life situations. This article will briefly talk about how VR is being used to train doctors and the positive outcomes of VR and other developing technologies. Testing Normally, eye doctors would receive training on on surgical procedures from observation and on patients. This can be a risky way of training surgeons and VR is helping to eliminate the risk entirely. A biotech company called Genentech has developed a high-grade version of VR that eye surgeons can use to simulate performing surgery on patients. Tech In recent years, the VR headsets had only been used for gaming purposes. The headsets tended to have a delay making the technology at the time unusable for medical testing and procedures. Now, with costs lowered for the VR headsets and the improvement of the tech, VR can be used more seriously in medical practice. Putting on the VR headset, the surgeon is immersed into a world where the smallest movements and gestures affect what they see and hear. Surgeons can now simulate performing common procedures such as cataract surgery with real tools laid out for them. Everything about the VR procedure is as real as it can be but, biotech companies like Genentech are still looking to improve the VR tech to the most optimal level.= Other Uses Many biotech companies are investing in VR and Augmented Reality (AR) technologies to improve many medical procedures. The popularity of VR and...
Eyewear Trends in 2019

Eyewear Trends in 2019

Whether one has a prescription for them or just likes wearing them to make a fashion statement, eyewear is one of the hottest style accessories going. The right pair or pairs can transform an ensemble, attitude and turn heads. Every season, new eyewear trends emerge, and for 2019, both the runway and social media are showing off all kinds of bold and beautiful frames. TV icons like Oprah Winfrey are obsessed with striking eyewear and don’t leave home without a snazzy pair on. There are plenty of cool options just waiting to enhance every unique face shape and set of features out there. New York-based eyewear company Vint & York is always at the forefront of fashionable eyewear and sees 2019 as an opportunity to treat one’s peepers to some vibrancy in color, revamped classics or a pair adorned with extraordinary details. For instance, the popular eyewear designers are forecasting strong red frames as one choice that also leads to pink and purple frames. These flirty girly shades give a woman a playful vibe and are especially appealing to college-age students. Classic gold metal eyeglasses are a sophisticated option for both men and women, and in 2019, round frames in gold are perfect for the work environment. This style is refined and simple and never goes out of fashion. Vint & York also fancy eyeglass frames in modern prints to dazzle the eyes. Marble-toned frames are a great take on the classic tortoiseshell look and give the wearer’s ensemble that extra touch of hipness. In addition, vintage nude frames are hot in shades like caramel, light brown and beige....