Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness in people. Cataracts have a variety of symptoms that can worsen over time — blurriness, double vision, difficulty seeing at night or in light, and colors that seem faded. Cataracts are a progressive ailment and should be treated properly once symptoms are being noticed. There are a number of ways that cataracts can be treated. Initial options to treat cataracts are receiving a stronger prescription on your glasses, anti-glare sunglasses, or even magnifying lenses. In more progressive cases of cataracts, a surgical procedure may need to take place in order to restore proper vision. One of the surgeries that can be performed is called a Small-incision cataract surgery, (SICS) sometimes referred to as manual small-incision cataract surgery or sutureless extra-capsular cataract extraction. This article will briefly talk about what cataracts are and how a SICS procedure can help restore vision.

What Are Cataracts?

Every person has a lens in their eye that helps them filter light and perceive objects. Cataracts cause your lens to become cloudy, ultimately affecting your vision. Cataracts can be caused by a number of reasons why people get cataracts, but the main cause is age. The proteins in your eye that make up the lens start to deteriorate as you age and is a gradual process. Other causes can include Diabetes, eye injury, medications, or prolonged sun exposure. I severe cases, a surgery like a SICS can be performed.

Small-Incision Cataract Surgery

A SICS is a proficient and cost-effective procedure that can replace your natural lens with an intraocular lens or IOL. The surgeon will have to make an incision to get to the lens and be able to extract it without disrupting the cornea. Once the clouded lens is out, the surgeon will replace is with an artificial lens that is correctly tuned to your eye. The IOL can either be monofocal, multifocal or accommodative. The IOL will allow you to focus on certain ranges of distance depending on what kind of IOL you have inserted.

A SICS is estimated to have eighty percent of the improved vision in patients that undergo the surgery. Even with a high success rate, it is vital to find a competent surgeon to perform the surgery!